Of All TSA Officers
Each TSA chapter has certain officers elected by the
membership to lead the chapter for a stated term. The
following officers are generally elected in each TSA chapter:
By electing you to TSA office, the membership has entrusted
the leadership of its organization to you and your fellow
officers. With the acceptance of this honor come duties
and responsibilities. Duty is defined as “the conduct,
obedience, loyalty, and submission required of an officer."
Responsibility is "the reliability and the moral
accountability for duties expected of an officer.”
Together, duty and responsibility convey the conduct and
performance appropriate to all TSA officers.
Regardless of which office you hold, your duties and
responsibilities as a TSA officer obligate you to do the
• Understand the mission and goals of your organization.
• Understand the organization’s constitution
and its bylaws.
• Understand the organization’s creed and
know it from memory.
• Be familiar with the organizational structure
and state policies of TSA.
• Understand and correctly use parliamentary procedure.
• Memorize appropriate ceremonies and rituals.
• Attend all meetings.
• Be prepared to conduct organization and chapter
• Be prepared to serve as a speaker for civic clubs,
banquets, school assemblies, technology education classes,
and similar meetings when asked to do so.
• Prepare speeches to be used during your term of
office to inspire, inform, and motivate others.
• Prepare for and help conduct TSA conferences.
• Attend TSA officers’ training sessions.
• Be loyal to the organization and the chapter to
which you belong.
• Help other officers accomplish their tasks.
• Keep members constantly working toward goals and
objectives through involvement in worthwhile projects
• Practice good speaking and writing skills as you
represent the chapter.
The president presides over and conducts all meetings
in accordance with parliamentary procedure; keeps the
members’ discussion to the subject at hand and within
time limits; appoints committee chairs and serves on committees,
except the nominating committee, as an ex-officio (non-voting)
member; represents the association at all functions; coordinates
the activities of the association by keeping in touch
with other officers, the membership, and the advisors;
and keeps himself/herself informed to ensure that the
association is moving according to its program of activities.
As presiding officer, the president should do the following:
1. Begin the meeting on time. (Members will be there
if they know that the meeting will begin at a specified
2. Be sure a quorum is present before the business portion
of the meeting is conducted.
3. Stand while presenting business or directing the assembly.
4. Proceed in a manner established by the order of business.
5. Conduct the opening and closing ceremony according
to TSA guidelines.
6. Use the gavel according to accepted practices.
7. Conduct the meeting in accordance with parliamentary
8. Keep the meeting under control. Limit debate on the
part of any one individual to specified times or turns
(Ample but not excessive time should be allowed for debate).
9. Refer to himself/herself as ‘the chair.”
10. Recognize any member who wishes to speak.
11. Be impartial at all times.
12. Turn over the chair to the vice-president or other
designated member when desiring to enter into debate.
Information, but not opinions, may be given from the chair.
If the presiding officer wants to make or discuss a motion
personally, he/she must leave the chair and do so from
13. Allow a member to suspend the regular order of business
only by a formal motion that is carried by a two-thirds
14. Permit discussion on a motion only after it has been
seconded and restated by the chair.
15. Be seated when granting the floor to a member, and
remain seated while the member discusses the motion.
16. State motions clearly. Before taking a vote, be sure
that everyone understands the question.
17. Announce the result of the vote. First, state the
motion, and then say, “The motion is carried/lost.”
18. Vote to break a tie.
19. Require that all remarks be addressed to the chair.
Do not allow members to discuss questions, remarks, or
answers among themselves. All discussion must be recognized
and approved by the chair.
20. Permit the maker of the motion or the vice-president
to put a question to a vote that concerns the president
21. Close the meeting at the point when all business has
been disposed of and/or at a designated time.
As chief officer, the president should also do the following:
1. Appoint committee chairs and serve as an ex-officio
member on all committees except the nominating committee.
2. Represent the association at all functions.
3. Make public appearances, including speaking engagements,
on behalf of the organization.
4. Coordinate the activities of the association by keeping
in touch with other officers, the membership, and the
5. Develop a program of activities for the executive
6. Keep informed to ensure that the association is moving
according to its program of activities (see officer report
Use of the Gavel
Every presiding officer should be familiar with the use
of the gavel. It is used as a symbol of authority, to
be exercised in the support of self-government and orderly
• Two raps of the gavel call the chapter meeting
• Three raps of the gavel signal all members to
stand during the opening and the closing ceremonies. Another
rap serves as the signal to be seated.
• One rap of the gavel should follow the announcement
that a meeting is adjourned.
• The gavel is also the instrument for maintaining
order during the chapter meetings. If at any time members
do not conduct themselves properly, a sharp rap or a series
of sharp raps of the gavel should restore dignity and
The vice president assists the president in the discharge
of his or her duties. The vice-president presides at meetings
and other functions in the absence of the president and
must be prepared to assume the office of the president
if necessary. The vice president is in charge of all committee
work and the management of committee assignments. He/she
works closely with all committees, keeping well informed
of their activities.
The vice president should do the following:
1. Assist the president.
2. Preside in the absence of the president.
3. Be in charge of setting up and carrying out the association’s
program of activities.
4. Assist with the preparation of meeting agendas.
5. Report on the status of the program of activities at
6. Submit a report on association accomplishments at the
end of the year.
7. Keep an accurate list of committee members.
8. Manage committee assignments using committee report
9. Work closely with all committees, keeping well informed
of their activities.
The secretary prepares and reads the minutes of meetings;
sends out and posts meeting notices; has the agenda for
each meeting available for the president; reads communications
at meetings; counts and records votes when taken; attends
to official correspondence; keeps permanent records; and
maintains and has ready for each meeting current descriptions
of officers' duties and a Secretary’s Record.
The secretary should do the following:
1. Record the minutes of all meetings.
2. Handle official chapter correspondence.
3. Send out meeting notices.
4. Prepare the written agenda for each meeting.
5. Maintain the Secretary’s Record.
"Minutes" is the word used to describe the
official record of what takes place at a meeting. The
secretary prepares the minutes of each business meeting
and reads those from the previous meeting as part of the
order of business. The secretary should record the minutes
of all meetings: formal, informal, and called. In preparing
the minutes, it is not necessary to record discussion
about a subject; rather, record decisions and actions
taken by the group.
In preparing the minutes, the secretary should do the
1. Begin the minutes with basic information.
2. State the kind of meeting (regular, special, etc.).
3. Name of organization.
4. State the date and place of meeting.
5. State the fact of the presence of the regular chairperson
and secretary, or in their absence, the name of their
6. Give the status of the previous minutes (whether or
not the minutes of the previous meeting were approved
or their reading dispensed with).
7. Record in the minutes what is decided upon and done.
8. Record, whether carried or lost, the exact wording
of every motion and amendment and the name of the member
who made the motion/amendment. Stop the proceedings, if
necessary, to get the exact wording of a motion. The secretary
may request that a motion be submitted in writing by the
member presenting it. Include all main motions and points
of order and appeals, whether carried or lost, and all
other motions that were not lost or withdrawn.
9. Record in the minutes the names of members who have
been appointed to committees as well as the persons serving
as chairs of those committees.
10. Include a copy of the treasurer’s report in
11. End by stating the time of adjournment.
The items listed above must be included in the minutes.
Other items such as announcements and program highlights
may also be included.
Attending to Official Correspondence
The secretary should handle official correspondence of
the organization by writing letters as needed or as directed
by other officers and by keeping files of incoming and
outgoing correspondence. In composing and preparing letters,
the secretary should be careful to follow the accepted
rules and practices of business correspondence.
Maintaining the Secretary’s Record
The Secretary’s Record is generally a three-ring
binder that is used to collect and keep important documents
concerning the business of the association. The record
usually contains the following items:
• a copy of all approved minutes
• a list of all members
• a list of all standing and special committees,
committee members, and chairpersons
• a copy of all committee reports
• a copy of the state and national programs of activities
• the constitution and bylaws of the organization
The secretary is responsible for keeping the Secretary’s
Record current and should bring it to each meeting.
The reporter gathers association news; prepares news releases
and articles for publication in local and statewide newspapers;
acquaints local newspaper editors with information about
TSA; assists in the planning and arranging of association
exhibits; and collects and prepares news and feature stories
of association activities for national publications.
The reporter should do the following:
1. Gather and classify all TSA news.
2. Prepare articles and news releases.
3. Develop a working relationship with local media personnel
and keep them informed of TSA news.
4. Send news and photographs to the state and national
TSA offices for publication.
5. Work closely with the secretary and the historian to
prepare the record book.
Informing the Public about TSA Activities
The reporter is a key member in the TSA officer team.
Informing the public about TSA activities will contribute
to both the community’s appreciation of TSA and
the pride of the TSA members. Public relations skills
are important for all officers, but particularly for the
Over the course of a year, a TSA chapter will probably
be involved in several newsworthy events. Some possibilities
to keep in mind are the following:
• fundraising projects
• members who attended a TSA conference
• community service projects
• winners of state and national TSA competitive
• an upcoming program, especially one involving
parents, community leaders, or other chapters
News about a chapter may be communicated to the public
in many ways (newspaper articles, radio shows, or TV presentations).
Although appearances on radio and TV shows are excellent
public relations tools, the news release is probably the
most commonly used tool for informing the public about
a chapter’s activities.
WRITING A NEWS RELEASE
A news release (or press release) is an announcement
of an event or other newsworthy item sent to the mass
media, generally for immediate publication or airing.
The details of a news release should be written in order
of declining importance. The inverted pyramid structure
is used so that the editor of the newspaper or the broadcast
journalist can adjust the length of the article simply
by eliminating sentences or even whole paragraphs from
Remember the “Five W’s and the H” when
writing a news release: WHO? WHAT? WHEN? WHERE? WHY? and
HOW? In a news story, try to answer as many of these questions
as possible in the first paragraph.
Also keep in mind these additional tips when preparing
a news release about a TSA chapter event:
• Type the news release on plain white paper or
• Limit the release to one paragraph when possible
(presenting the five W’s and the H). Try never to
go beyond one page.
• Give the name, address, and phone number of the
TSA representative to contact if additional information
• Be accurate with names, dates, places, and other
• Whenever possible, write about future events rather
than past events.
• Keep a copy of the news release. Compare your
copy with the article as it is printed in the newspaper
and/or announced on TV or radio. By comparing the two
and noting the changes, you can write an improved article
for the next release.
• Provide each newspaper, radio station, and TV
station, to whom you send a release an original copy.
• Attach a captioned photograph if appropriate.
The caption should be taped to the back of the photograph,
and should clearly identify the subject(s) of the photograph.
Whenever possible, submit black and white, rather than
Writing for other publications
In addition to sending releases to local community newspapers,
TSA reporters send news and feature items about their
chapter to the local school newspaper, to their state
TSA newsletter, and to School Scene.
The School Scene, published electronically via the TSA
website, www.tsaweb.org, four times a year, is National
TSA's newsletter. Articles submitted to the School Scene
should be written and handled in the same manner as those
prepared for any other publication. Include name, address,
and telephone number of contact person. Try to submit
a black and white glossy photograph with a caption that
identifies the people, activity, or project. Email or
mail photos and articles to either email@example.com
or to TSA School Scene, 1914 Association Drive, Reston,
The sergeant-at-arms is responsible for the physical
setup of meetings, banquets, and gatherings. He/she secures
the use of any meeting room and facility, assists in seating
arrangements, and assures that all necessary equipment
is at hand and operating.
The sergeant-at-arms should do the following:
1. Arrange the meeting room and set up officer symbols.
2. Be responsible for the comfort of those present at
3. Attend the door during meetings and welcome all guests.
4. Take charge of candidates prior to and during initiations.
5. Assist with entertainment, refreshments, and other
details connected with the program.
6. Serve as ex-officio (non-voting) member of any committee
that deals with these areas.
The treasurer administers and is responsible for association
funds. He/she keeps financial records in order and up
to date; devises fund raising activities with the cooperation
of the appropriate committee and the approval of the membership
and advisor; assists in preparing an annual budget; serves
on the enterprising and finance committees as an ex-officio
(non-voting) member; and protects the financial reputation
of the association.
The treasurer should do the following:
1. Keep a permanent, up-to-the-minute record of all financial
transactions. The entries should be recorded in ink in
a treasurer’s ledger book.
2. Keep a record of all received monies following accepted
3. Record all expenses, noting the date and the party
to whom the money was paid.
4. Obtain and keep a copy of all receipts in the permanent
5. Be prepared to report the financial status of the
association at any regular meeting.
6. Obtain and present ideas and suggestions to the membership
for increasing the treasury and for financing association